Arthur Posnansky enjoys a rather ambiguous status in contemporary Bolivian archaeology. On the one hand, he is hailed as the father of the South American. Arthur Posnansky, followed by Kurt Bilau have proposed a date of circa BC as the date of fall of Tiwanaku. There are also reports of pre-Incan structures. Tihuanacu, the Cradle of American Man, Vols. I and II. Arthur Posnansky. New York: J. J. Augustin, – Volume 13 Issue 4Part1 – W. C. Bennett.
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During his lifetime, Posnansky was known as a prolific writer and researcher and for his active participation in arrthur defense and development of Bolivia. He was born in Vienna, Austriaon April 13, At this time, he was deeply involved in cognate studies.
His interest in cognate studies ended when his father suddenly died. Posjansky his time in the Imperial and Royal Academy of Pola, he made several extensive training voyages, which took him many places, including the Easter Islands in the South Pacific Oceanas a part of his shipboard training. While on Easter Island, he made ethnological observations, which he later published as Die Osterinsel und ihre praehistorischen Monumente.
Posnansky graduated from the Imperial and Royal Academy of Pola at age At age 23 inPosnansky emigrated to South America. At first, he participated in various expeditions, which explored upper reaches of the Amazon River.
During these expeditions, he became an experienced navigator of it and its tributaries. He used his expertise to become the director of a river navigation company, which was called La Empresa de Navegacao dos rios Purus e Acre. As captain and owner of the shallow-draught steamer and blockade runnerIrisPosnansky rescued the survivors of the Acre garrison during the Acre Campaign in Brazil.
After being wounded and captured by Brazilian forces, he escaped and became a refugee in Europe. Because of his loyalty to and support of Bolivia in this conflict, he lost all of his properties in Brazil. After being a refugee in Europe, Posnansky moved to Bolivia to claim compensation for his services to this country. After finding that any substantial reward was unattainable because of the bankrupt state of the Bolivian treasury, he devoted his talents towards building private businesses involved in mining and international trade.
In time, he became a prosperous entrepreneur. During this time, Posnansky introduced the first car to Bolivia. While his business ventures thrived, the Bolivian Government recognized Posnansky’s service during the Acre Campaign. For his sacrifices in support of the Bolivian government, it first granted him the honorific title of Benemerito de la Patria Worthy of the Nation and full Bolivian citizenship.
Later, it awarded him two gold medals, one inthe other in Inhis government service continued when he was elected to La Paz City Council. After settling in Bolivia, Posnansky repeatedly traveled the Bolivian and Peruvian highlands in efforts to locate, describe, and study Inca and pre-Inca archaeological sites. He was especially interested in those found along the shoreline and on the islands of Lake Titicaca.
The results of these investigations were published in books such as The Islands of Titicaca and Koati and Rasas y monumentos prehistoricos del Altiplano Andino.
For such research, the Bolivian Senate awarded him a gold medal in and he later became Director of the National Museum. He also authored books, which included Os Indios Paumaris e Ipurinas no rio Purus and Mapa del rio Acre 7 volumes,about South American geography and ethnology.
Posnansky, Arthur 1873-1946
He also lectured about archaeological subjects in Berlin, Frankfort, Nuremberg, and Treptow, Germany. In recognition of his accomplishments, the German Government conferred on him an honorary title of Professor in Posnansky also saw Tiwanaku as the origin pposnansky of civilization throughout the Americas, including the Inca, the Maya and others.
Since the publication of the work, these ideas have since been discredited by later archaeological research. Posnansky’s ideas about Tiwanaku having been a full-fledged city with a large permanent population, rather than only a seasonally occupied ceremonial center, and its abandonment having been the result of prehistoric climatic posnahsky are widely accepted in principle.
Tiwanaku – RationalWiki
This book and his personal efforts also contributed significantly to the eventual preservation of the site at a time when it was being very badly damaged by neglect, stone-quarrying, and looting. Biografia Intelectual de un Pionero. From Wikipedia, artbur free encyclopedia. The Hispanic Society of America. New York, New York. Translated into English by James F.
Sheaver transl, Atrhur York: JJ Augustin ; Vols. Portrait of an Andean Civilization. Blackwell Publishers, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Archaeology and Paleoecology of an Andean Civilizationvol. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.