Abstract: Critical approaches to the influence of Johann Jakob Bachofen’s aspect of the reception of Bachofen’s ideas about ancient matriarchy that I will be. There are no works listed on Wikisource for this author. If you’d like to add a new text, please review Help:Adding texts. Johann Jakob Bachofen (–) was a Swiss jurist, student of Greco- Roman antiquity, and anthropologist. Bachofen came from a prominent Basel family.
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Though he based his theorizing on Greek and Roman classics, his previously unpublished manuscripts in his Gesammelte Werke, 10 vol. For discussion of the subsequent development of his ideas, see Kinship. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
In he decided to revise the Mutterrecht to encompass the entire earth, and in the next fifteen years proceeded to familiarize himself with nearly all known cultures. Bachofen was a professor of the history of Roman law at the University of Basel —45 and also a judge of the Basel criminal court — Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Thank You for Your Contribution!
Mountains have historically restricted internal communications, but the sea has opened up wider horizons. Inhe met the beautiful Louise Elisabeth Burckhardt, 30 years his junior, whom he married the same year. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Johann Jakob Bachofenborn Dec.
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Nevertheless, the origins of all modern studies of the role jhoann women in classical antiquity are found in Bachofen, criticizing baachofen model and developing new understandings based on correcting it.
While examining some ancient tombs in Italy during a trip in —, he was struck by a new approach to the understanding of the innermost nature of ancient culture: The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:.
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Johann Jakob Bachofen |
Edited by Karl Meuli. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Copyright The Columbia University Press. His work brought attention to the religious veneration of goddesses such as Aphrodite and Demeterprominent in ancient cultures. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.
Bachofen’s selected writings are included in Myth, Religion and Mother Right The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. The modern study of kinship can be traced back to midth-century interests in comparative legal institutions and philology. He analyzed myths and archaeological artifacts in order to reconstruct the social landscape of the ancient world. Alexis Giraud-Teulon, an anthropologist from Genevawas a great admirer of his ideas on the importance of matriarchies in ancient societies.
After completing his doctorate in Basel, he studied for another two years in Paris, London and Cambridge. He presented a radically new view of the role of women in a broad range of ancient societies.
Bachofen, Johann Jakob
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. History of “Johann Jakob Bachofen” Note: He concluded the work by connecting archaic “mother right” with the Christian veneration of the Virgin Mary. Baeumler, Alfred Das mythische Weltalter: While philologists rejected his work because from their point of view it lacked both theoretical rigor johhann accuracy, ethnologists immediately appreciated the importance of his discovery of matriarchy.
He was also able to show that bqchofen different societies marriage and family took different forms, and that societies developed from matriarchalin early societies, toward predominantly patriarchalin Bachofen’s time. They corresponded by letter, and Giraud-Teulon developed his own bachofe of Bachofen’s theory which regarded the matriarchal phase not as a general stage of societal development but as a special appearance which can be traced only to certain pre-Indo-European cultures.
From to he also held an appointment as a judge. Help us improve this article! In jury cases, the judge presides over the selection of the panel and instructs it concerning pertinent law. He undertook several long jogann to ItalyFranceSpainand Greecewhere he studied ancient civilizations. Bachofen assembled documentation demonstrating that motherhood is the source of human society, religion, morality, and decorum.
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This page was last edited on 28 Julyat Judge, public official vested with johqnn authority to hear, determine, and preside over legal matters brought in a court of law. Nevertheless, at a time when patriarchal societies dominated, the need to bring out the feminine aspect of God and human beings was real.
While his work stimulated much research and writing, the data did not bear out his theories.
If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. In other than social scientific circles, Bachofen and L. Inhe resigned his professorial position after being accused of obtaining this position solely due to his higher social standing.