Actualmente hay mucha confusión entre la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM) y la Esclerosis Lateral Amiotrófica (ELA). La mayoría de la población. UpToDate, electronic clinical resource tool for physicians and patients that provides information on Adult Primary Care and Internal Medicine, Allergy and. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: update. Iatreia [online]. , vol, n.2, pp ISSN

Author: Voodoojora Domi
Country: Croatia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Video
Published (Last): 20 October 2017
Pages: 175
PDF File Size: 14.45 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.29 Mb
ISBN: 154-2-21949-360-8
Downloads: 29890
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kajirisar

Relapses affect all types of patients with symptoms lasting for hours before fading away. This observation provides evidence for genetic ties between these two neurodegenerative disorders. Familial versus sporadic ALS Overall, the work in familial ALS is already leading to a greater understanding of the more common sporadic form of the disease. No cure has yet been found for ALS. ALS, on the other hand, affects the nerve cells that control voluntary movements in both the brain and the spinal cord, meaning this disease only affects the motor system.

Esclerosis lateral amiotrófica | Rio Grande Regional Hospital

New treatment options Potential therapies for ALS are being investigated in a range of disease models. Researchers are investigating a number of possible causes such as exposure to toxic amiotrofiica infectious esclerosix, viruses, physical trauma, diet, and behavioral and occupational factors. A small percentage of individuals may experience problems with language or decision-making, and there is growing evidence that some may even develop a form of dementia over time.

A physician may also order a magnetic amiotrofics imaging MRI test, a noninvasive procedure that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed images of the brain and spinal cord.

Box Bethesda, MD Stem Cells In addition to animal models, scientists are also using innovative stem cells models to study ALS. Clinical manifestations include signs of lateraal and lower motor neurons, damage in limbs and bulbar muscles, and, in some patients, frontotemporal cognitive dysfunction.

Interestingly, the same mutation can be associated with atrophy of frontal-temporal lobes of the brain causing frontal-temporal lobe dementia. Environmental factors In searching for the cause of ALS, researchers are also studying the impact of environmental factors. Many times symptoms even disappear altogether which, however, does not prevent these patients from deteriorating as a result of each attack.

  HSMS 2800 PDF

Multiple Sclerosis vs. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: How do they differ?

Riluzole is believed to reduce damage to motor neurons by decreasing levels of glutamate, which transports messages between nerve cells and motor neurons. Increasing evidence also suggests that various types of glial support cells and inflammation cells of the nervous system may play an important role in the disease.

Its cause is also unknown. The use of a feeding tube also reduces the risk of choking and pneumonia that can result from inhaling liquids into the lungs.

As a result, we wanted to briefly explain the main differences between these diseases:. Although there has been no consistent association between any environmental factor and the risk of developing ALS, future research may show that some factors are involved in the development or progression of the disease. The goal is to increase the availability of, and access to, high quality specimens for research to understand the neurological basis of the disease.

Esclerosis Lateral Amiotrófica

Clinical trials Many neurological disorders do not have effective treatment options. Individuals may develop problems with moving, swallowing dysphagiaspeaking or forming words dysarthriaand latsral dyspnea.

Its etiology is still not clear.

The goals of NINDS research on ALS are to understand the cellular mechanisms involved in the development and progression of the disease, investigate the influence of genetics and other potential risk factors, identify biomarkers, and develop new and more effective treatments.

ALS amiotofica primarily latteral based on detailed history of the symptoms and signs observed by a physician during physical examination along with a series of tests to rule out other mimicking diseases.

Although the sequence of emerging symptoms and the rate of disease progression vary from person to person, eventually individuals will amiotroica be able to stand or walk, get in or out of bed on their own, or use their hands and arms.

As the disease progresses and muscles weaken further, individuals may consider forms of mechanical ventilation respirators in which a machine inflates and deflates the lungs. Because people with ALS usually retain their ability to perform higher mental processes such as reasoning, remembering, understanding, and problem solving, esclerosix are aware of their progressive loss of function and may become anxious and depressed.


The tube is connected to a respirator.

In both, treatment consists of drugs that slow the progression of the disease in combination with sessions of physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy. Tomar medicamentos Trabajar con terapeutas y participar en un grupo de apoyo Participar en actividades sociales y religiosas Las opciones de tratamiento incluyen: What research is being done? Most people with ALS die from respiratory failure, usually within 3 to 5 years from when the symptoms first appear.

RNA molecules are one of the major macromolecules in the cell involved in directing the synthesis of specific proteins as well as gene regulation and activity.

Clinical trials offer hope for many people and an opportunity to help researchers find better ways to safely detect, treat, or prevent disease. What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis? Biomarkers can be molecules derived from a bodily fluid such as those in the blood and cerebrospinal fluidan image of the brain or spinal cord, or a measure of the ability of a nerve or muscle to process electrical signals.

This means the disease seems to occur at random with no clearly associated risk factors and no family history of the disease.

Las pruebas pueden incluir: Enter Latera, Term Submit Search. Worldwide, prevalence ranges from 2 to 11 cases perpeople. Breathing support As the muscles responsible for breathing start to weaken, people may experience shortness of breath during physical activity and difficulty breathing at night or when lying down.

ELA. Esclerosis lateral amiotrófica: qué necesitan saber las enfermeras | Nursing

These animal models include fruit flies, zebrafish, and rodents. Some of the early symptoms include:. How is ALS diagnosed?